We assess how well measures of disagreement in qualitative survey expectations reflect disagreement in corresponding quantitative expectations. We consider a variety of measures, belonging to two categories: measures of dispersion in nominal and ordinal variables and measures based on the probability approach of Carlson and Parkin (Economica, 1975; 42, 123–138). Using data from two household surveys that collect both qualitative and quantitative inflation expectations, we find that the probability approaches with time-varying categorization thresholds and either a piecewise uniform or t distribution perform best and the resulting disagreement estimates are highly correlated with the benchmark. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Mokinski, Frieder, Xuguang (Simon) Sheng und Jingyun Yang (2015), Measuring Disagreement in Qualitative Expectations, Journal of Forecasting DOI: 10.1002/for.2340.


Mokinski, Frieder
Sheng, Xuguang (Simon)
Yang, Jingyun


consumer survey;inflation forecast;qualitative data;quantification method