The Research Department “Labour Markets and Human Resources” analyses the determinants of labour market outcomes in knowledge-based economies at both the individual and the economy level. It focuses on the consequences of the increasing digitalisation of the world of work, the expansion of higher education, and the integration of immigrants for employment, wages and inequality. The research area investigates the effects and efficiency of labour market and education policy measures, and analyses the consequences of the Covid-19 pandemic for labour markets and educational outcomes. Microeconometric methods based on economic theory are used to identify causal relationships. The research area uses both administrative and publicly available microdata sets, as well as survey data collected by the researchers themselves. The aim is to develop empirically sound recommendations for the design of labour market and education policy.