The Research Department “Labour Markets and Human Resources” analyses the determinants of labour market outcomes in knowledge-based economies, for both the individual and the economy. It focuses on the consequences of the increasing digitalisation of the world of work, the expansion of higher education, and the integration of immigrants for employment, wages and participation. The research area also investigates the effects and efficiency of labour market and education policy measures. Microeconometric methods based on economic theory are used to examine cause-and-effect relationships. The research area uses both administrative and publicly available microdata sets, as well as survey data collected by the researchers themselves. The aim is to develop empirically sound recommendations for the design of labour market and education policy.