1. 20.01.2021 · ZEW (sru/deg)
    Comment
    United States | Climate policy | Climate Change

    Today, Joe Biden will be sworn in as the new President of the United States. On his first day in office, we will already see some groundbreaking decisions, especially regarding the future course of US climate policy. Professor Sebastian Rausch, head of the Research Department “Environmental and Resource Economics, Environmental Management” at ZEW Mannheim, comments on this matter:

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  2. 19.01.2021 · ZEW (msc/fbr/jrr/sel)
    ZEW Indicator of Economic Sentiment
    ZEW Indicator of Economic Sentiment | ZEW Financial Market Survey | Germany | Europe | Business survey | Short-term forecast | Cyclical indicator | Business cycle research
    ZEW Indicator of Economic Sentiment increased in January 2021 to 61.8 points

    The ZEW Indicator of Economic Sentiment for Germany increased in the current January 2021 survey, climbing 6.8 points to a new reading of 61.8 points. The assessment of the economic situation in Germany increased somewhat, and currently stands at minus 66.4 points, 0.1 points higher than in December 2020. “Despite the uncertainty about the further course of the lockdown, the economic outlook for the German economy has improved slightly. The results of the ZEW Financial Market Survey in January show that export expectations in particular have risen significantly,” comments ZEW President Professor Achim Wambach on the current expectations.

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  3. 18.01.2021 · ZEW (awh)
    Comment
    Legislation | Competition | Digitisation

    Today, the German Bundesrat is expected to pass the amendment to the Act Against Restraints of Competition (GWB). Professor Achim Wambach, president of ZEW Mannheim and member of the Monopolies Commission, comments on this matter:

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  4. 14.01.2021 · ZEW (fhe/deg)
    Comment
    Economic Growth | Coronavirus
    Friedrich Heinemann

    The Federal Statistical Office today released its first estimate of the decline in gross domestic product (GDP) in 2020. Professor Friedrich Heinemann, head of the Research Department “Corporate Taxation and Public Finance” at ZEW Mannheim, comments on this matter:

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  5. 14.01.2021 · ZEW (fhe/sel)
    Research
    Public Budget | Debt | Coronavirus

    The coronavirus pandemic puts a considerable strain on public finances in Germany. Nevertheless, amid the crisis, a large and stable majority of state parliament members is backing the debt brake: Just over two thirds of the state MPs are in favour of returning to a balanced budget after the coronavirus pandemic. However, more than half of respondents say they are open to reforming the debt brake to allow larger deficits for investment. This is the result of a survey conducted by ZEW Mannheim and the University of Mannheim among members of all 16 German state parliaments in the period between May and July 2020.

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  6. 05.01.2021 · ZEW (fbe/sel)
    Research
    Students | Drop-outs | Labour Market | Germany | Europe | Income | Employment
     There are enormous differences between the 18 European countries for dropouts.

    A high number of university students also leads to an increased number of dropouts. The income of persons in Europe who dropped out of university is on average eight per cent higher than that of employees who have never been enrolled in higher education; at the same time, it is 25 per cent lower than the income of people who left university with a degree. The latter also have significantly better employment opportunities than dropouts. This is the result of a study conducted by Dr. Francesco Berlingieri and Theresa Bolz from the Research Department “Labour Markets and Human Resources” at ZEW Mannheim. Using data from 18 European countries, the researchers have examined the income and employment situation of people who dropped out of higher education. In some cases, the study has revealed some considerable differences between the various countries.

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  7. 30.12.2020 · ZEW (awh)
    Comment
    European Union | EU Presidency | Germany | European policy
    Professor Dr. Achim Wambach on an eventful six months.

    Germany’s eventful six-month presidency of the Council of the European Union has now concluded with a trade deal with the UK and the prospect of an end to the seven-year negotiations between the EU and China on an investment agreement. Under Germany’s presidency, Europe also saw the adoption of both the COVID-19 recovery plan as well as the multiannual financial framework. The president of ZEW Mannheim, Professor Achim Wambach, comments on this matter:

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  8. 24.12.2020 · ZEW (awh)
    Comment
    Brexit | Trade agreement | Europe | European Union
    President of the ZEW Mannheim, Professor Dr. Achim Wambach.

    The European Union and the United Kingdom have agreed on a last-minute trade deal after tense negotiations. The president of ZEW Mannheim, Professor Achim Wambach, comments on this matter: “It is a relief that the wrangling over the withdrawal agreement and trade deal has finally been concluded, and that the incertitude has now come to an end. The agreement provides greater predictability and certainty for future trade relations between the EU and the UK.

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  9. 21.12.2020 · ZEW (pbo/sel)
    Research
    China | Innovation policy | Research and Development | Growth | Germany | United States
     China is no role model with its strongly mission-driven innovation policy.

    Expenditure on research and development (R&D) has increased significantly in Germany and China in recent years. The resulting output growth is, however, lower than expected in both countries. “This indicates that research productivity in both economies is too weak,” explains Dr. Philipp Boeing, senior researcher and China expert at ZEW Mannheim. In a ZEW policy brief published today, he and Paul Hünermund, PhD, assistant professor at the Copenhagen Business School, have analysed how investment in R&D is related to research productivity in Germany and China. They conclude that in order to achieve sustained growth rates in Europe, “an innovation policy is needed that takes a bottom-up approach and does not rely too heavily on mission-driven research policies. This is the only way to achieve breakthrough innovations that can compete globally with the leading industrialised countries. China’s strongly mission-driven innovation policy cannot serve as a role model in this regard.”

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  10. 16.12.2020 · ZEW (fhe)
    Comment
    Federal Reserve Bank | Monetary policy decisions | Interest rate policy | Interest Rate | United States | Central bank | Monetary Policy
    ZEW economist Friedrich Heinemann comments on the Fed's decision to leave its key interest rates unchanged.

    The US Federal Reserve decided to leave its benchmark rate unchanged in a range between 0.0 and 0.25 per cent, and not yet expand its ongoing asset purchase programme any further. Professor Friedrich Heinemann, head of the Research Department “Corporate Taxation and Public Finance” at ZEW Mannheim, comments on this matter:

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