After the European elections, the European Council must propose a candidate for president of the Commission to the European Parliament. With the end of Mario Draghi’s term as president of the European Central Bank (ECB), another important position in the EU is to be filled in the following months. With Manfred Weber and Jens Weidmann, there are promising German candidates for both offices. However, it is deemed impossible that both positions will be filled by Germans. Professor Friedrich Heinemann, head of the ZEW Research Department “Corporate Taxation and Public Finance”, comments on these pending decisions following the European elections.