1. 02.06.2021 · ZEW (ssz/mph/deg)
    Research
    Coronavirus | Homeoffice | Child care | Psychology | Health
    Study of women's and men's mental health during the Corona pandemic, particularly stressed parents.

    The mental health risks of COVID-19 and the pandemic-related measures have been a constant topic of public discussion, also in the Netherlands. There, mental health – measured on a scale of 0 to 100 (100 equals perfect health) – declined sharply among employees in the first lockdown, but recovered relatively quickly to levels similar to those before the coronavirus pandemic. The largest decrease in mental health was observed in March 2020, when the first lockdown was imposed. Based on data from the Dutch LISS Panel, a study by researchers from ZEW Mannheim and the universities of Mannheim, Bonn and Tilburg investigates which factors played a particularly important role in increasing mental stress during the pandemic and to what extent these factors changed over time.

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  2. 18.05.2021 · ZEW (fhe/deg)
    Comment
    ECB | Public bond
    Friedrich Heinemann sits on a chair.

    The Federal Constitutional Court has rejected new challenges to the European Central Bank’s PSPP bond-buying programme. Referring to its ruling of May 2020, the court now considers its demand for an examination of the adequacy and proportionality of the PSPP to be fulfilled. Professor Friedrich Heinemann, research department head and public finance expert at ZEW Mannheim, comments on this matter.

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  3. 17.05.2021 · ZEW (kki/deg)
    Research
    Deposit insurance | banking sector | Bank insolvency | Insolvency
    Financial market experts are in favour of requiring deposit platforms to provide more information to consumers.

    Following the collapse of Greensill Bank, financial market experts believe there is a considerable need to regulate deposit platforms and reform banks’ deposit insurance. The majority of respondents, however, do not expect that deposit platforms will take action and keep banks with excessively risky business models off their platforms unless they are obliged to do so. Therefore, they should be required to provide more information on the associated risks to their customers, according to the experts. This is the result of a special question included in the ZEW Financial Market Survey in May 2021 among 188 financial market experts.

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  4. 17.05.2021 · ZEW (vgr/mot/sel)
    Research
    Coronavirus | Market design | Medical sciences | Vaccination
    ZEW researchers propose a flexible reimbursement system that efficiently provides and distributes funds to achieve high vaccination coverage.

    General practitioners are expected to play a key role in advancing the vaccine rollout in Germany. As the vaccination coverage of the population increases, additional efforts by physicians will be necessary to advance the vaccine rollout and ultimately achieve herd immunity. Doctors who administer COVID-19 jabs therefore need flexible and needs-based reimbursement. A recent ZEW policy brief proposes a flexible reimbursement system that efficiently provides and distributes funds to achieve high vaccination prevalence.

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  5. 17.05.2021 · ZEW (mba/sel)
    Research
    Education | School | Educational success
    [Translate to English:] Zusätzlicher Leistungsdruck in der vierten Klasse wirkt sich negativ auf das Wohlbefinden und die Lernfreude von Schüler/innen aus.

    Binding secondary school track recommendations have an impact on the achievement and well-being of pupils in primary school. If school recommendations are binding, pupil achievement in the fourth year have been found to improve. At the same time, however, pupils experience less joy of learning and their anxiety about their school performance and their futures increases. These are the results of a recent study by ZEW Mannheim and the WZB Berlin Social Science Center.

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  6. 14.05.2021 · ZEW (jdo/gli/scw/sel)
    Research
    Insolvency | Company insolvency | Coronavirus
    ZEW study on imminent insolvencies.

    Due to the suspended obligation to file for insolvency, the number of bankruptcies has fallen to a record low in 2020, despite poor business prospects. There is now a threat of a renewed rise in insolvencies in the coming months, mainly in the service and trade sectors. Smaller and older businesses as well as sole entrepreneurs will also record significantly more insolvencies again as the insolvency filing obligation is reinstated. These are the findings of a study conducted by ZEW Mannheim in cooperation with Creditreform, which examines the characteristics of insolvent companies and entrepreneurs before and after the COVID-19 crisis in Germany.

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  7. 12.05.2021 · ZEW (fhe)
    Comment
    Tax revenue estimation | Public Budget | Germany
    Professor Dr. Friedrich Heinemann in his recent comment.

    The German Federal Ministry of Finance’s Working Party on Tax Revenue Estimates presented the results of its new analysis today. It is becoming apparent that the current tax revenues, although strongly affected by the pandemic, will recover more significantly in the next few years than previously expected. Professor Friedrich Heinemann, head of the Research Department “Corporate Taxation and Public Finance” at ZEW Mannheim, explains:

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  8. 11.05.2021 · ZEW (msc/jrr/fbr/sel)
    ZEW Indicator of Economic Sentiment
    ZEW Indicator of Economic Sentiment | Short-term forecast | Cyclical indicator | Business cycle research | Business survey | Germany | Europe | ZEW Financial Market Survey
    ZEW Index is climbing 13.7 points to a new reading of 84.4 points.

    The ZEW Indicator of Economic Sentiment for Germany increased in the current May 2021 survey, climbing 13.7 points to a new reading of 84.4 points. This is the highest value so far since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic. The last time the indicator had reached a higher level was in February 2000. The assessment of the economic situation in Germany improved by 8.7 points compared to the previous month, and currently stands at minus 40.1 points. The assessment of the economic situation in Germany thus improved very significantly in May.

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  9. 07.05.2021 · ZEW (sbl/lra/sel)
    Research
    Income tax | Tax compliance | Tax Evasion
    Symbol image with tax returns, woman and calculator.

    Numerous regulations and tax changes are making income tax returns increasingly complex and non-transparent. Reports of other people’s uncertainty about declaring their taxable income can undermine taxpayers’ individual tax morale. They become more lenient towards tax evasion as the tax problems of others become more understandable. This effect is even stronger for older people and those with a more left-wing political orientation, according to a study by ZEW Mannheim. For the study, more than 4,000 German citizens were interviewed in a representative survey.

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  10. 04.05.2021 · ZEW (dsb/clu/sel)
    Research
    Corporate taxation | MannheimTaxation | Index number | international comparison
    The figure shows the development of effective average tax rates.

    Many countries have seen a rapid surge in public debt levels due to the coronavirus pandemic. It comes therefore as little surprise that corporate taxation has become a focus of interest among policymakers as an alternative source of income to bridge these massive financing gaps in public budgets. While previous discussions have mainly focused on how to prevent a global decrease in corporate tax rates as economies try to increase their attractiveness as a business location, the recent shift in tax policy in the US and the UK have steered the discussion into a new direction. With both the UK and the US taking steps to raise company taxes, the question of whether businesses should be required to share the responsibility of covering COVID-19-related deficits through higher taxes could also become more relevant in Germany.    

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