1. 19.11.1999 · ZEW (sel)
    Research
    Business related service providers | collective agreement

    The formation of the ver.di trade union for the services' sector planned for this week gives rise to the question as to extent of the compliance with collective agreements in the services sector. In any case, it is far below the macroeconomic average in the business-related services sector. For instance, only about one third of the revenue in this sector is generated by businesses complying with collective agreements. This is the result of a representative survey among 1,100 business-related service providers carried out by the Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW) in Mannheim, in collaboration with the "Verband der Vereine Creditreform" in Neuss. The economic sector of business-related services encompasses tax advisors and certified public accountants, business consultants, architects, technical consultants and planners, vehicle renting, machine renting, cargo handling and logistic firms, software providers, advertising agencies and waste management firms.

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  2. 08.11.1999 · ZEW (sel)
    Research
    Occupational pension schemes | old age provision

    The increasingly heated debate on pensions during the last months has revealed that, in the future, individuals will need to make additional pension provisions going beyond the statutory pension insurance in order to safeguard the accustomed standard of living in old age. At the same time, many businesses find themselves forced to revise and modify their previous workplace pension scheme due to the growing international competitive pressure. Other firms are concerned with the question whether the introduction of a workplace pension scheme as part of an attractive compensation package holds any advantages for them.

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  3. 05.11.1999 · ZEW (sel)
    Research
    savings promotions | Promotional measures | Private asset formation

    In the context of the current discussion about the introduction of privately funded elements into the old-age security system, the Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW) in Mannheim conducted a survey among 400 financial market analysts from banks, insurances and businesses in October 1999. The experts were asked to evaluate the effects of the government savings programme regarding private capital formation. Furthermore, they were asked to give their opinion on which measures should be given preference.

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  4. 04.11.1999 · ZEW (sel)
    Conferences
    Art exhibition | ZEW

    From November 15 to December 23, 1999, ZEW (L 7,1 68161 Mannheim) will host an exhibition with works by Eberhard Fiebig, Nicole König, Wolfgang Thies, and Jens Trimpin. The exhibition is open to visitors Monday to Friday from 9.00 a.m. to 4.30 p.m. The exhibition will feature pyrographies (wood burnings of floral appeal) by Eberhard Fiebig; figurative sculptures, particularly portraits, by Nicole König; computer-generated graphics by Wolfgang Thies, and stone sculptures by Jens Trimpin.

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  5. 29.10.1999 · ZEW (sel)
    Research
    Export | Innovation activity

    Innovative businesses from the services sector export more often than their less innovative competitors. This is the result of a current study by the Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW) in Mannheim. For the first time the connection between innovation activity and the exports of a company in the services sector was analysed. There have already been some studies on this topic for the processing industries. Those studies revealed that in the processing industries, too, innovation activity has a positive influence on the export behaviour of businesses. The ZEW study further shows that the qualification of the staff likewise exerts an influence on the export activity: Service providers with higher qualified staff export more often.

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  6. 19.10.1999 · ZEW (sel)
    Research
    Business related service providers | Employee training

    In the third quarter of 1999, growth in the business-related service sector has slightly weakened in comparison to the previous quarter. The seasonally adjusted annual rate of turnover has increased by half a percentage point in comparison to the previous quarter, rising to 3.9 per cent. The rate of growth in turnover, however, still remains significantly lower than the record levels reached in mid-1998. The rate of economic growth of business-related service providers has nonetheless picked up speed. The first quarter of this year saw a significant economic downturn in this sector. The second quarter of 1999, however, saw the economic situation stabilise.

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  7. 12.10.1999 · ZEW (sel)
    Research
    Nuclear phase-out | Nuclear Energy | Competition

    The period until nuclear reactors are shut-down and how to determine it remain a point of contention in the negotiations for a regulated nuclear phase-out. Opponents of nuclear energy, on a political level primarily represented by the governing Green Party (Die Grünen/Bündnis '90), demand a maximum period of 25 to 30 calendar years until the final shut-down of nuclear plants. Those in favour of nuclear energy, however, in particular private companies owning nuclear plants, insist that reactors should remain in operation for 40 "full-capacity" years. This issue is so hotly debated because the final decision will determine not only when the last nuclear plant is shut down, but also the overall costs which will arise as a result of the nuclear phase out. Indeed, the choice to go for one or other of the phase out options will determine the potential costs faced by individual owners of nuclear power stations and will thus have a significant impact on the competitiveness of energy providers. In a recent study, ZEW has investigated how an earlier nuclear phase-out might affect the magnitude and distribution of costs faced by companies in possession of nuclear plants. The costs implicated in an early phase-out were measured and compared to a reference scenario, in which nuclear plants would continue to be used 40 "full-capacity years" (see graphic 1).

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  8. 08.10.1999 · ZEW (sel)
    Research
    ZEW survey | Reform | Labour Market

    The reform package proposed by finance minister Eichel will not influence the current labour market situation. This is the result of a current survey conducted by the Centre for European Economic Reseach (ZEW) in Mannheim, which included 265 experts from banks, insurances and industrial companies.

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  9. 06.10.1999 · ZEW (sel)
    Research
    Pollutant diminishment | Green tax reform | Energy savings

    Due to their cost efficiency, environmental taxes are usually an important means to provide incentives for environmentally friendly economic activity. However, the ecological tax reform in Germany does not fulfil this objective. The compensation scheme for the manufacturing industry included in the law considerably restricts the incentive to save energy or to reduce pollution, and further makes environmental protection unnecessarily expensive from a macroeconomic perspective. In the case of “newly-founded” (after 1998) businesses in the manufacturing industry, the ecological tax reform even works against one of its main objectives, namely to encourage companies to create jobs, by facilitating dismissals. These are the findings of a current analysis by the Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW) in Mannheim.

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  10. 20.09.1999 · ZEW (sel)
    Research
    Spectator numbers | German Football League

    A current study carried out by the Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW) in Mannheim in collaboration with the Otto Beisheim School of Management (WHU) in Koblenz analyses the reasons for the considerable differences in the number of stadium goers in the German Bundesliga. The findings indicate that decisive factors are the team’s position in the table before a match, the weather, the reputation of the team, its fan base and how the fans are distributed geographically. For example, the current positions in the table have an important influence on the interest in a match. Whether the home team is at the top of the league or bottom placed before the match can mark a difference of up to 8,000 spectators per match under otherwise equal conditions. Furthermore, the weather and the catchment area of the home team are of importance. A temperature difference of 10° C can result in 2,200 stadium goers more/less per match under otherwise equal conditions. Per 100,000 inhabitants within the catchment area, the home team can expect about 800 stadium goers.

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sabine.elbert@zew.de