Head, Nicolas R. ZiebarthTo the profile
Mandating Paid Sick PayResearch Seminars
Effects on Coverage, Utilization, and the Spread of Diseases
This paper evaluates how sick pay mandates operate at the job level in the United States. Using the National Compensation Survey and difference-in-differences models, the authors estimate their impact on coverage rates, sick leave use, labor costs, and non-mandated fringe benefits. Sick pay mandates increase coverage significantly by 18 percentage points from a baseline level of 66% in the first two years. Newly covered employees take two additional sick days per year. The authors find little evidence that mandating sick pay crowds-out non-mandated fringe benefits. Finally, they develop a model of optimal sick pay provision and illustrate the trade-offs when assessing welfare.
- Room Brüssel