1. 19.07.2021 · ZEW (fhe/sbl/tkg/ggr/sel)
    Research
    Economic sciences | Education | Elections | Information acquisition
    Symbol image of a woman with tablet who has opened various slides.

    There is still considerable room for improvement in Germany when it comes to knowledge of economic facts: Although Germans are better informed than average in a global comparison, they are only in the middle of the pack compared to other industrialised countries. Interestingly, misjudgements are usually more pessimistic than the reality. Germany’s economic performance is often assessed too negatively, for instance, with regard to the country’s economic performance, the level of unemployment, the employment rate of women, and inequality. This is the result of a research project conducted by ZEW Mannheim with the support of the Brigitte Strube Stiftung.

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  2. 15.07.2021 · ZEW (jdi/bkr/cra/deg/sel)
    Research
    Coronavirus | Innovation | Research and Development | Digitisation
    Graphic on the ZEW Study on Innovative Firms

    During the coronavirus pandemic, companies in Germany reduced their innovation activities less than anticipated. This is shown by a recent study by ZEW Mannheim on behalf of the Federal Ministry of Education and Research. German companies that participated in the ZEW Innovation Survey from March to July 2020 planned to cut their innovation spending by an average of about two per cent in 2020. “By comparison, during the 2009 financial crisis, companies lowered their innovation spending much more drastically, by an average of eleven per cent,” says ZEW researcher and co-author of the survey, Josefine Diekhof, PhD.

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  3. 14.07.2021 · ZEW (sru/jab/deg/sel)
    Research
    European Union | Climate protection | EU Commission | Greenhouse gas emissions | Emissions trading
    Symbol image of a woman in front of the european building.

    The reform of the European Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) presented today by the EU Commission will reduce the cost of climate protection in 2030 from 2.8 per cent of EU-wide consumption to 1.9 per cent. The proposal, however, does not exploit the full savings potential of 1.1 per cent. A smart distribution of the CO₂ budget could save the EU up to 152 billion euros in economic costs. The Commissions’ current proposal, on the other hand, reduces climate protection costs by only 81 billion euros, mainly by introducing a second emissions trading system. This is the result of a recent calculation by ZEW Mannheim based on a macroeconomic simulation model.

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  4. 09.07.2021 · ZEW (cra/ggr/sel)
    Research
    Artificial intelligence | Enterprise | Digitisation
     Symbol image with connected technologies between two hands.

    A more powerful IT infrastructure and government funding options would encourage more companies to use artificial intelligence (AI) applications. The main obstacles preventing companies from making greater use of this technology are the high development and implementation costs and the lack of skilled workers. The companies surveyed still see significant room for improvement for Germany in terms of AI in comparison to other countries. These are the results of a survey conducted by ZEW Mannheim on behalf of the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy among more than 950 companies actively using AI or with a potential to use AI.

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  5. 08.07.2021 · ZEW (fbu/ssi/deg/sel)
    Research
    Economics of Taxation | Social Policy | Family policy | Coalition government | Elections
    ZEW short expert report on the financial impact of potential parties.

    Financial policies proposed by parties running in the federal election differ greatly in their effect on low-income and high-income households. Tax relief proposed by FDP and CDU/CSU would greatly benefit high-income groups, while the political programmes of SPD, the Left Party and the Greens would increase the disposable income, combining net wages and social transfers, for low and medium-income groups. This is the result of an analysis conducted by a team of researchers at ZEW Mannheim, who evaluated the effects of central reform proposals on taxation, minimum wage, mini and midi-jobs, social security, and family policy on private households, on behalf of the daily newspaper “Süddeutsche Zeitung”.

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  6. 02.07.2021 · ZEW (csp/lfi/tbl/sel)
    Research
    Coronavirus | Corporate taxation | state subsidies
     Symbol image with stacks of coins of different heights and the letters for Covid-19.

    In Germany, the COVID-19-related tax relief measures taken so far are not ambitious enough to cushion the impact of the crisis. In their current form, they mainly relieve large companies, while small companies and start-ups hardly benefit at all. Further tax measures are therefore necessary to ensure that German companies are able to weather the crisis well. These are the results of a study by ZEW Mannheim on behalf of the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom.

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  7. 17.06.2021 · ZEW (ibe/sel)
    Research
    Digitisation | Digital Economy | Coronavirus | Artificial intelligence
    Rural areas, where the majority of companies are located, still have some catching up to do in terms of bandwidths.

    The digital transformation continues to be a much-discussed topic that occupies business, politics and society. But how well are the federal states managing to keep up with this rapid development? An evaluation of the digitalisation level in Baden-Württemberg shows that the state has made great progress since the adoption of its digitalisation strategy “digital@bw” in 2017. The COVID-19 pandemic has accelerated this transformation considerably, but at the same time it has also revealed existing shortcomings. This is the result of a meta-study conducted by ZEW Mannheim on behalf of the state of Baden-Württemberg.

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  8. 16.06.2021 · ZEW (fbr/sel)
    Research
    Stock Market | cryptocurrencies | Public bond | ZEW Financial Market Survey | Stockholding behaviour | ZEW survey | Financial market experts
    Kyptocurrencies have lost considerable attractiveness.

    Against the background of rising inflation expectations and low interest rates, financial market experts have assessed the attractiveness of various asset classes for the next six months: While investments in stocks, commodities and real estate are currently considered attractive, the outlook for cryptocurrencies and conventional government bonds is clearly negative. Inflation-indexed bonds and green bonds are rated slightly positively by the financial analysts. This is the result of a question included in the ZEW Financial Market Survey, which was conducted among around 160 financial market experts in June 2021.

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  9. 15.06.2021 · ZEW (mar/cli/ebr/sel)
    Research
    Highly skilled labour | Low income | Quality of life
    Low- and high-income earners do not differ regarding their preference on urban amenities.

    Given a shortage of skilled labour, cities are increasingly vying for qualified workers. A higher quality of life is often said to give cities an advantage in this battle for talent. In fact, the amenities a city offers in terms of family friendliness, infrastructure, cultural offerings and regional economic dynamics play a major role in employees’ decision to move to a particular city. A study by ZEW Mannheim comes to the conclusion that high- and low-skilled workers prefer very similar cities. The lower share of low-skilled workers in attractive urban areas thus mainly reflects the fact that low-wage earners are less able to afford to move to attractive cities due to the high cost of living.

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  10. 02.06.2021 · ZEW (ssz/mph/deg/sel)
    Research
    Coronavirus | Homeoffice | Child care | Psychology | Health
    Study of women's and men's mental health during the Corona pandemic, particularly stressed parents.

    The mental health risks of COVID-19 and the pandemic-related measures have been a constant topic of public discussion, also in the Netherlands. There, mental health – measured on a scale of 0 to 100 (100 equals perfect health) – declined sharply among employees in the first lockdown, but recovered relatively quickly to levels similar to those before the coronavirus pandemic. The largest decrease in mental health was observed in March 2020, when the first lockdown was imposed. Based on data from the Dutch LISS Panel, a study by researchers from ZEW Mannheim and the universities of Mannheim, Bonn and Tilburg investigates which factors played a particularly important role in increasing mental stress during the pandemic and to what extent these factors changed over time.

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