The emergence of the internet as a mass medium has led to a dramatic decline in the cost of acquiring and disseminating information. This also affects the search for a job. In the first part of the project, the individual and regional determinants of jobseekers' search channels were determined based on survey data from the Federal Employment Agency, with a particular focus on job search via the internet. The results showed that the choice of an online search strategy depends on the regional availability of broadband internet.
The causal analysis of the effects of regional internet availability on the duration of unemployment as well as the quality of the match between employers and employees was carried out in the project "The Effect of Regional Internet Availability on Unemployment and Vacancy Durations" funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG) from August 2018 to July 2020. The findings suggest that the availability of broadband internet significantly improved the employment chances of men after four months in unemployment. In particular, men who have internet access at home increase the number of applications. These results are also confirmed on the establishment-level: the availability of broadband internet increases the number of applications significantly. There were no significant effects with respect to wages and employment stability. The DFG project was conducted at the Institute for Employment Research (IAB) in Nuremberg. The ZEW Research Associates Prof. Dr. Nicole Gürtzgen (IAB Nuremberg) and Prof. Gerard van den Berg, PhD (University of Bristol) shared the project management.
Articles in Refereed Journals
Gürtzgen, Nicole, André Diegmann, Laura Pohlan and Gerard J. van den Berg (forthcoming), Do Digital Information Technologies Help Unemployed Job Seekers Find a Job? Evidence from the Broadband Internet Expansion in Germany, European Economic Review.
01.01.2017 - 31.12.2020