The project investigates interactions between science and industry, taking into account the influence of institutional parameters, incentives and barriers, R&D structures in firms and research establishments, public funding and infrastructure. Core to the approach was identifying examples of good practice in industry-science relations. It emerged that benchmarking can only be applied to a limited extent because of the complexity of the phenomena in question. The focus on structures was elaborated via a cross-country comparison (Germany, Great Britain, Belgium, Sweden, Finland, Austria, Italy, Spain, Ireland, the USA, Japan), with a view to determining how to set institutional parameters more efficiently. This is important because the transfer of knowledge and technology is highly dependent on a country’s structural parameters. Structures that aim to build up direct, personal contacts proved the most effective for promoting interaction.

Selected Publications

Articles in Refereed Journals

Polt, Wolfgang, Christian Rammer, Helmut Gassler, Andreas Schibany and Doris Schartinger (2001), Benchmarking industry-science relations: the role of framework conditions, Science and Public Policy 28(4), 247-258. Download

Monographs, Contributions to Edited Volumes

Polt, Wolfgang, Christian Rammer, Helmut Gassler, Andreas Schibany and Doris Schartinger (2001), Benchmarking Industry-Science Relations: The Role of Framework Conditions, EU-Benchmarking Office, Brussels. Download


Europäische Kommission , Brüssel , BE
Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Arbeit , Wien , AT

Project duration

01.06.2000 - 30.09.2001

Project members

Dr. Christian Rammer (Coordinator)

Cooperation partner

ASTER, Mailand, IT
Centre for Research in Innovation Management (CENTRIM), University of Brighton, Brighton, UK
Enterprise Ireland, Dublin, IE
Innovation Policy Studies, Uppsala, SE
Joanneum Research Forschungsgesellschaft mbH - Institut für Technologie- und Regionalpolitik, Wien, AT
Ministry for Trade and Industry, Helsinki, FI
Ministry for Science and Technology, Madrid, ES
Österreichisches Forschungszentrum Seibersdorf, Geschäftsfeld Technologiepolitik, Seibersdorf, AT
Policy Research in Engineering, Science and Technology (PREST), Manchester Business School, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
Vlerick Leuven Gent Management School, University of Gent, Gent, BE