1. 23.06.2022 · ZEW (mar/biv/mne)
    Research
    Industrial change | Regional labour market | Unemployment
     Picture of craftsman with wrench.

    In Germany, as in many other industrialised countries, occupations with predominantly manual routine tasks are generally on the decline. However, this structural change does not affect all regional labour markets to the same extent. How do regional differences affect employees individually and what role do layoffs and job mobility play in this context?

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  2. 20.06.2022 · ZEW (fbr/rha)
    Research
    Digital goods | Financial market | cryptocurrencies
    Graph showing research results on the assessment of possible stablecoin regulations with regard to systemic risk.

    Investors’ confidence in cryptocurrencies is currently being severely tested. The sell-offs on the markets are huge. In the midst of this financial turmoil, the digital token, TerraUSD, collapsed in mid-May this year. The crash caused a sensation because, in theory, it should not have happened, as TerraUSD is a stablecoin. This means that each unit of this digital currency, which is independent of states, banks or companies, should always be worth exactly one US dollar. The stablecoin losing its peg from the dollar was not an isolated case. Even the market leader among stablecoins, Tether, was temporarily quoted below the target price of one US dollar.

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  3. 13.06.2022 · ZEW (kvg/rge/deg)
    Research
    Thermal energy | Heat pump | Energy transition | Fuel oil | Heating appliance | Climate protection | Fossil fuel | energy mix
    Results of the study shown in a chart.

    Minimum standards can be effective in motivating homeowners to replace gas and oil heating systems. This is the result of a recent study by ZEW Mannheim and the Leibniz Institute of Ecological Urban and Regional Development (IOER) Dresden.

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  4. 10.06.2022 · ZEW (fhe/cmb/deg)
    Research
    ECB | Monetary Policy | Public bond
     Bar chart on monthly bond purchases by the ECP.

    The ECB will discontinue its net asset purchase programmes at the end of June. A new study by ZEW Mannheim with the support of the Brigitte Strube Stiftung has examined how the bond purchases have been allocated across the various euro countries.

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  5. 10.06.2022 · ZEW (der/deg)
    Research
    Information Services | Processing industries | Ukraine | War | Digitisation
    Bar chart illustrating cyber attack exposure by trade.

    The war in Ukraine poses major challenges for German firms. High energy prices, as well as restricted access to intermediate inputs and products impacts business activities, especially in the manufacturing industry. Larger firms in the information economy and manufacturing industry are preparing for the increasing threat of cyberattacks and have taken precautionary measures. These are the findings of a representative survey by ZEW Mannheim between 17 March and 14 April 2022 among approximately 700 firms in the manufacturing industry and information economy, including the ICT sector, media service providers and knowledge-intensive service providers.

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  6. 01.06.2022 · ZEW (dos/deg)
    Research
    flood damages | Natural disaster insurance | Climate Change | Climate policy | Climate
    Bar chart on the acceptance of an insurance obligation

    More than two thirds of German households support the introduction of mandatory insurance against flood damages and other natural hazards. Support has risen slightly following the flood disaster in 2021. This is the result of a representative survey conducted by ZEW Mannheim among around 5,000 households in 2020 and 2022.

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  7. 30.05.2022 · ZEW (yka/kvg/sel)
    Research
    Climate, Weather, and Air | Delinquency | Health | air pollution
     Photo of the expressway in Stuttgart including warning notice about the fine dust alarm.

    Increasing environmental pollution not only affects the health of the population, but also influences crime rates. If the particulate matter pollution rises by ten micrograms PM10 per cubic metre, the number of crimes increases by 4.6 per cent. This is the result of a recent study by ZEW Mannheim, which analyses this correlation for various regions in Baden-Württemberg and Rhineland-Palatinate for the years 2015 to 2017.

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  8. 27.05.2022 · ZEW (cra/sel)
    Research
    Artificial intelligence | Enterprise | Germany | Digitisation
     Symbol photo with the inscription AI against networked background.

    The use of artificial intelligence (AI) in firms in the German economy is developing very dynamically. In 2021, around one in ten firms in Germany used AI technology, almost twice as many as in 2019. Almost all firms collaborate with third parties, although the nature of the collaboration varies greatly between them. As a rule, the higher a firm’s AI maturity level, the less it needs to rely on external competences in this area. These are the results of a study by ZEW Mannheim on behalf of the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Climate Action. The study looks at the role of collaborations with third parties and the necessary internal prerequisites to be able to use AI more effectively in firms.

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  9. 17.05.2022 · ZEW (mze/sel)
    Research
    German Democratic Republic | Democratization | Eastern Germany | Labour Market

    The democratisation of the GDR after the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 has had different effects on opponents and supporters of the GDR’s political regime. Former opponents – protesters for the Peaceful Revolution in 1989 and 1990 – are significantly happier with the new democratic system and the free-market economy after the fall of the Berlin Wall than they were before. Former supporters of the old system, however, report lower life satisfaction after the fall of the Wall. This is shown by a recent study by ZEW Mannheim.

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  10. 03.05.2022 · ZEW (sel)
    Research
    Electoral law | Youth | Economic Policy | Germany | Voter turnout | Elections
    Picture of a ballot paper at the drop-off.

    Due to demographic change, Germany is increasingly developing into a so-called “gerontocracy”. A reform lowering the voting age to 16 is supposed to counteract this. A recent study by ZEW Mannheim examines the question of whether such a reform is ambitious enough to anchor future-oriented interests more strongly in current politics. The study suggests that lowering the voting age does little to change a central limitation of democracy: If voters care only about their narrow interests, then policies will tend to be strongly shaped by the present and, in this case, an ageing society. Intergenerational altruism among voters should be encouraged and more investments should be made to improve voters’ education about long-term policy challenges.

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