Junior Research Associate, Elisa Casi-Eberhard // Norvegian School of Economics, Bergen, NorwayTo the profile
Lost in InformationResearch Seminars
National Implementation of Global Tax Agreements
The paper presented in this ZEW Research Seminar discusses how national implementation shapes the success of global tax agreements. In an unprecedented act of global coordination, countries have recently implemented a global multilateral network of automatic information exchange (AEI) on financial account data. Two parties, the sending, and the receiving countries need to be able to process information to make AEI work. They build a novel database on country characteristics for both the sending and the receiving countries. On the sender level, the authors build a dataset relying on newly published OECD statistics on AEI enforcement. Using micro-level data, they find a significant increase in bank transfers from tax havens to Norway from deposits owned through several layers of secrecy after the local introduction of AEI. This suggests a possible legalization of previously unreported income and wealth abroad. They provide evidence of variation in responses depending on enforcement intensity in the sending countries. On the receiver level, the authors operationalize a new dataset from the OECD with approx. 100 variables on the capacity of the tax administration. Relying on macro data on cross-border bank deposits, they tailor model averaging routines to establish the important characteristics of the receiving countries making AEI more effective. The results so far shed light on how the characteristics of the sending and the receiving countries affect the success of global tax agreements.
- Room Heinz König Hall