The paper presented in this ZEW Research Seminar asks whether gender differences in flight patterns exist. To do so, the authors build a model allowing for gender differences along three dimensions of the decision to flee: reasons to leave the home country (push factors), the risks and costs along the route (cost factors), and the factors attracting individuals to a specific destination (pull factors). For the empirical analysis, they study refugee movements by gender in 2001-2015 in Africa and Asia, thereby capturing more than 65% of global refugee flows. Their results show that gender differences exist and vary across the three dimensions: Reactions to the need to flee due to high-intensity conflict are relatively similar. However, concerning the cost dimension, male and female flight behavior differs (substantially). Further, flight patterns into neighboring countries are not gender-specific. In contrast, for non-neighboring country pairs, the authors observe different responses for males and females to various push and pull factors.
Please contact Eduard Brüll if you wish to participate in the online seminar.