A sustainable European energy system, mitigating climate change and solving a number of other key environmental problems, will require massive reliance on renewable energy sources combined with a sharp increase in energy productivity. Considering that most of the technologies necessary for such a development are already available, today's most important questions are: How can these technologies be integrated into the European energy system ? What are the costs and benefits of such a strategy ? What are the major bottlenecks and obstacles to such a development ? What measures are necessary to support this development ? In the project a "sustainable scenario" and a "fair-market scenario" were developed as a means to demonstrate that concepts for a sustainable future European energy supply are feasible.

Selected Publications

Monographs, Contributions to Edited Volumes

Groscurth, Helmuth-M. and Sigurd Weinreich (1999), Possible Contributions of Renewable Energies to the Solution of the Global Climate Problem, in: Hohmeyer, O., Rennings, K. (Eds.) ZEW Economic Studies, LLL:citation.label.volume 1, Physica, Heidelberg, 219-235.

The LTI-Research Group (Ed.), Helmuth-M. Groscurth, Wolfgang Bräuer, Olav Hohmeyer, Isabel Kühn, Sigurd Weinreich and al. (1998), Long-Term Integration of Renewable Energy Sources into the European Energy System, Physica, Heidelberg..

Bräuer, Wolfgang, Helmuth-Michael Groscurth, Olav Hohmeyer and Sigurd Weinreich (1996), Scenario Design for the Long-term Integration of Renewable Energies into the European Energy System, in: Zervos, A. und M. Sala (Eds.) EDIFIR, Florenz, 62-67.

Discussion and Working Papers

Kühn, Isabel (1996), Account of Presently Known Social Costs, Discussion Paper for the APAS-Project (RENA-CT94-0041),, June 1996, ZEW, Mannheim. Download


Europäische Kommission, Generaldirektion Forschung , Brüssel , BE

Project duration

01.01.1995 - 30.06.1996

Project members

Dr. Wolfgang Bräuer
Dr. Helmuth-Michael Groscurth
Dr. Olav Hohmeyer
Isabel Kühn
Sigurd Weinreich

Cooperation partner

Wuppertal Institut für Klima, Umwelt, Energie GmbH, Wuppertal, DE
Roskilde University, Roskilde, DK
Centre International de Recherche sur l´Environnement et le Développement, Nogent sur Marne, FR
Faculté Polytechnique de Mons, Mons, BE