The goal of this study is to gain insights in the relationship between the educational structure of the unemployed and the labor market effects of labor market institutions. More concretely, it will be answered if structural reforms have a different impact on different groups of unemployed, divided by the education level as a proxy for skills. Three groups of unemployed will be separated according to their education level. Country-specific labor market institutions are the unemployment benefit replacement rates. taxes on labor or the employment protection legislation. Knowing about the distinct effects of structural reforms on the skill-specific unemployment rates can help to adequately plan and conduct country-specific reforms of the institutional system. The analysis is based on a panel-econometric approach. The impact of reforms is analyzed for the three skill-specific unemployment groups, and the results are compared. It is expected that institutional reforms have a less significant or even insignificant impact on the unemployment group with higher education.