Audinga Baltrunaite Ph.D. // Economics and Law Division, Bank of Italy, Rome, ItalyTo the profile
Board Composition and Performance of State-Owned EnterprisesResearch Seminars
The quality of governance crucially affects corporate outcomes, and may be particularly important for state-owned enterprises (SOEs) not disciplined by market competition forces. In the paper presented at this ZEW Research Seminar, the authors examine the impact of board composition on the performance of companies controlled by public entities in Italy. For this purpose, they exploit a reform-induced exogenous change in board composition, aimed at increasing female representation and at reducing the revolving-door phenomenon. The law’s provisions were binding for SOEs, but not for companies with a minority share of public ownership, allowing the authors to adopt a difference-in-differences estimation. The results show that female presence on the boards of directors of SOEs has increased, while that of former politicians has decreased. The new directors have mostly replaced older and less talented men, thereby rejuvenating the boards and improving their quality. To assess the effects of the board shake-up on firm performance, the paper analyses companies’ balance sheets and survey information on citizens’ satisfaction with the provision of local public services and on objective measures of their quality. While the authors detect no significant effects on firm productivity, they find that profitability increases and leverage decreases, thereby reducing corporate credit risk. Finally, there is evidence consistent with an improvement in the quality of SOEs’ output.