Long-term public sector sponsored training programs often show little or negative short-run employment effects and often it is not possible to assess whether positive long-run effects exist. Based on unique administrative data, this paper estimates the long-run differential employment effects of three different types of training programs in West Germany. We use inflows into unemployment for the years 1986/87 and 1993/94 and apply local linear matching based on the estimated propensity score to estimate the effects of training programs starting during 1 to 2, 3 to 4, and 5 to 8 quarters of unemployment. The results show a negative lock- in effect for the period right after the beginning of the program and significantly positive treatment effects on employment rates in the medium- and long-run. The differential effects of the three programs compared to one another are mainly driven by differences in the length of the lock-in periods.

Fitzenberger, Bernd, Aderonke Osikominu und Robert Völter (2006), Get Training or Wait? Long-Run Employment Effects of Training Programs for the Unemployed in West Germany, ZEW Discussion Paper No. 06-039, Mannheim. Download


Fitzenberger, Bernd
Osikominu, Aderonke
Völter, Robert


multiple treatments, training programs, employment effects, local linear matching, administrative data, active labor market programs