Efficiency analyses on higher education institutions have so far primarily focused on the identification of inefficiency and less on the explanation of differences in efficiency performance. In this paper, we study the impact of institutional factors on the efficiency of 67 publicly financed German Universities for the years 1998-2003. We present some evidence that university costs and outputs are correlated with institutional settings such as the management structure of universities or the universities' staff body. Furthermore, econometric evidence from a single-stage stochastic frontier model (based on a cost function) suggests that universities which are located in states with a comparatively liberal university legal framework are more efficient than those universities operating under more restrictive state regulation.


Gerhard Kempkes


05.03.2009 | 16:00


ZEW, L 7,1 D-68161 Mannheim




Senior Researcher