1. 07.04.2022 · ZEW (fpf/sel)
    Ukraine | Coronavirus | Labour Market | Labour force participation | Employees
    Chart shows rates of change from 2005 to 2021 in percent.

    As a result of the war in Ukraine and the Western sanctions against Russia, energy and commodity prices are rising. Goods for daily use are becoming more expensive, and oil prices are rising rapidly, as are inflation forecasts. Companies in the chemical and logistics sectors, for example, which are directly affected by the price increases for gas, oil and other raw materials, are adjusting their business models. Labour costs are falling with unexpectedly higher inflation rates and constant nominal wages. This has a temporary stabilising effect. Also, more people are employed in the defence industry, in energy conservation and alternative energies. However, aggregate demand for goods may decline as people begin to prioritise which goods they need and which they can do without if prices continue to rise.

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  2. 31.03.2022 · ZEW (fbr/ybr)
    DIFI Report by ZEW and JLL
    Real estate | Real estate financing | Retail Trade | Real estate market | Sustainability | Inflation
    Figure of results shows average of situation and expectations assessment.

    After the sentiment indicator had recorded an increase for six quarters in a row, the German Real Estate Finance Index (DIFI) by ZEW Mannheim and JLL fell in the first quarter of 2022. Compared to the previous quarter, the index dropped by 3.5 points to 7.2 points.

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  3. 30.03.2022 · ZEW (ybr)
    Call for Papers
    Labour Market | Germany | Globalization

    ZEW Mannheim is pleased to announce the international conference on the German labor market in a globalized world on 24 and 25 June 2022. The conference focuses on technology, trade, and demographic changes and the ways they interact with employment, wages, and participation in the labour market, with a particular emphasis on the role of institutions and on labour markets during the COVID-19 crisis.

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  4. 24.03.2022 · ZEW (awh/rha)
    Ukraine | Russia | Embargo | Energy
    Personal photo of economist Moritz Schularick and Achim Wambach.

    Can Germany afford to sanction Russia with a ban on energy imports? This discussion between Professor Moritz Schularick of the University of Bonn and Professor Achim Wambach, president of ZEW, originally appeared in the 22 March 2022 issue of the financial daily ‘Handelsblatt’.

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  5. 24.03.2022 · ZEW (rha)
    ZEWBookTalk | Ukraine | Coronavirus
     Cover image of the #ZEWBookTalk on Germany's ability to act.

    The world is in a crisis continuum and Germany is watching. This is the impression Moritz Schularick, professor of economics at the University of Bonn, gets when he looks at the state’s actions in recent years. He has written down his observations. In his latest book, “Der entzauberte Staat – Was Deutschland aus der Pandemie lernen muss” (“The Disenchanted State – What Germany Must Learn from the Pandemic”), he argues that Germany should move away from the typical ‘can’t-do’ mentality and adopt a stronger ‘can-do’ attitude. This can also be applied to Germany’s current action in the Ukraine war. At the #ZEWBookTalk on 22 March 2022, ZEW President Professor Achim Wambach and Moritz Schularick discussed not only the achievements and failures of the state in crisis mode. They also revisited their debate on the pros and cons of an energy embargo against Russia, published the same day in the German business newspaper ‘Handelsblatt’.

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  6. 07.03.2022 · ZEW (mar/deg)
    ZEWPodcast | Economics of Gender | Gender mainstreaming | Equal Opportunities | Gender equality | Women | Women?s wages | Women?s labour force participation | Policy towards women
     ZEW economist Melanie Arntz in front of a gray background.

    In Germany, 7 March 2022 symbolically marks the wage gap between women and men. With a wage gap of 18 per cent, women statistically work 66 days “for free”. In the 18th episode of the #ZEWPodcast, ZEW economist Professor Melanie Arntz shed light on various factors that cause the gender pay gap. She also talks about the EU Action Plan for Gender Equality, parental leave allowance and the challenges of digitalisation.

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  7. 11.02.2022 · ZEW (msc/ybr)
    Business Cycle Tableaus by ZEW and Börsen-Zeitung
    Business Cycle | Short-term forecast | Inflation | GDP | Energy Prices
    GDP growth in the euro area in 2022 slightly declined.

    Economic experts are forecasting somewhat lower real gross domestic product (GDP) growth in the eurozone, and growth expectations for Germany are declining even more significantly. The inflation rate is hitting new highs, creating uncertainty about future developments. This is the result of the business cycle tableaus by ZEW Mannheim and the German daily newspaper, Börsen-Zeitung.

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  8. 04.02.2022 · ZEW (dos/deg)
    flood damages | Climate Change | Climate | ZEWPodcast
     Podcast cover with portrait photo of Daniel Osberghaus.

    The flood disaster in Germany last July claimed more than 180 lives. Since then, the question of how private households and policymakers can better prepare for extreme weather events has been raised again. In the 17th episode of the #ZEWPodcast ‘Wirtschaft · Forschung · Debatten’/‘Economy · Research · Debates’, ZEW economist Dr. Daniel Osberghaus talks about what technical precautionary measures private homeowners can take, the advantages and disadvantages of compulsory insurance in Germany and how other countries take flood precautions.

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  9. 25.01.2022 · ZEW (tkn/sel)
    Questions & Answers
    Market design | Optimal distribution | Questions & Answers
    Personal photo of Professor Dr. Thilo Klein.

    The search for a suitable childcare offer is often made difficult by an acute shortage in nursery schools places, complicated registration procedures and non-transparent allocation criteria. This leads to great uncertainty for both parents and their employers over when they can return to work, disadvantages for households with a low educational background and avoidable administrative burdens for nursery staff.

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  10. 21.01.2022 · ZEW (bkr/sel)
    Public Procurement | Eco-innovation | Product innovation | Innovation activity
    ZEW study shows that that green procurement criteria can create an important incentive effect

    In recent years German and European policymakers have been devoting considerable attention to the issue of green public procurement. By adding green procurement criteria to public sector calls for tender, policymakers hope to encourage the development of environmentally friendly products and processes. ZEW researchers recently examined this issue. Their empirical analysis indicates that green procurement criteria can create an important incentive effect – but not for all firms.

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