1. 27.06.2018 · ZEW (dre/fkr)
    Questions & Answers
    cryptocurrencies | Blockchain Technology | Payments | ZEWnews | Bitcoin
    ZEW researcher Dominik Rehse is sceptical about the Blockchain Technology

    Triumphalism and harsh criticism seem to go hand in hand in any discussion of blockchain technology. For instance, while the EU’s digital commissioner Marija Gabriel sees great opportunity for more efficient public administration through blockchain, the head of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), Christine Largarde, has raised concerns over the technology’s use in money laundering and in financing terrorist groups. This discussion has largely been motivated by a recent boom in investment in blockchain technology, with private investors getting involved alongside professional venture capitalists. ZEW researcher Dominik Rehse casts a sceptical eye over the recent hype around this new technology.

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  2. 28.05.2018 · ZEW (hsh/sel)
    Questions & Answers
    Tax reform | Tax system | Income distribution | ZEWnews

    Does the tax and transfer system cause greater social inequality? The German tax and transfer system is continually criticised for being too complex and not transparent enough. In fact, the combination of social security contributions, income tax and transfer payments such as housing and child benefit can even mean that, for some people, an increase in income does not lead to more money in their pocket. This is particularly the case for the marginal burden, which represents the proportion of each extra euro earned that has to be handed back to the government. ZEW family economist Holger Stichnoth is critical of these disincentives in the German tax and transfer system.

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  3. 24.04.2018 · ZEW (mkn/sel)
    Questions & Answers
    ZEWnews | Vehicles | Environmental Policy and Environmental Protection | Diesel fuel

    Do driving bans for diesel cars make economic sense? Following a ruling from Germany’s Federal Constitutional Court, cities in Germany can impose bans on diesel vehicles in order to comply with EU-wide limits on nitrogen dioxide levels. The possibility of introducing such a ban is currently being discussed in a number of cities, including Stuttgart, Munich, Hamburg and Düsseldorf. Diesel car owners affected by the ban may also be faced with getting their cars modified and installing new software updates. ZEW environmental economist Dr. Martin Kesternich discusses the most practical measures, from an economic point of view, for reducing air pollution and traffic, and for implementing CO2 avoidance measures in the transport sector in a cost-efficient manner.

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  4. 26.03.2018 · ZEW (mma/sel)
    Questions & Answers
    Job | Employment relationship | ZEWnews

    Right up until the end of the German coalition negotiations between the CDU, CSU and SPD, one of the biggest points of contention was the issue of fixed-term employment contracts without material reason. There are currently thousands of workers in Germany working on fixed-term contracts. ZEW labour market researcher Michael F. Maier explains exactly what the coalition parties agreed upon regarding fixed contracts and how the new regulations would affect both workers and employers.

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  5. 26.02.2018 · ZEW (joh/sel)
    Questions & Answers
    Textile industry | Innovation | New technologies

    What potential is there in the smart textile market? With potential uses ranging from fashionable everyday clothing and sportswear to applications in medicine, the military and the construction sector, it’s no surprise so-called “smart textiles” are on the rise. Growth projections for this sector of the economy are optimistic. ZEW researchers Dr. Jörg Ohnemus and Dr. Fabienne Rasel have produced a report on the smart, or intelligent, textile industry in Germany on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy. In this interview, Jörg Ohnemus offers some insights on this new market, including its future prospects and potential innovations.

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  6. 15.12.2017 · ZEW (ybr)
    Questions & Answers
    Robot | ICT

    Will artificial intelligence soon take over customer service? Discussions on automation have tended to focus heavily on the use of robotics in the production sector. Yet service robots endowed with artificial intelligence also allow for automation in more complex settings, such as customer service. In this Q&A, ZEW economist Irene Bertschek discusses descriptive evidence on the use of service robots in Germany’s IT industry. The evidence was gathered in a collaborative study carried out by the ZEW team and Professor Martin Przewloka (University of Marburg).

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  7. 29.11.2017 · ZEW (ybr)
    Questions & Answers
    Football (Sport) | Labour force integration | Social integration | Labour Market | Refugees

    The wave of refugees arriving in Germany in 2015 has presented the country with the challenge of integrating these migrants into society. Researchers at ZEW have been conducting an investigation into the integration process by following a group of refugees involved in the inclusive football project HEIMSTÄRKE (“home strength”), which encourages the integration of refugees into society and the labour market through sport. ZEW education economist Friedhelm Pfeiffer discusses the study and its possible implications for both policy-makers and refugees.

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  8. 25.10.2017 · ZEW (ybr)
    Questions & Answers
    Capital Market

    What is the status of European financial market integration? After passing legislation to create a banking union in 2014, the European Commission is now planning to establish the foundation for a capital markets union by 2019, in order to create a true single market for capital. This effort to increase the integration of Europe’s financial markets has the goal of stabilising economic growth while also making Europe more resilient to crisis. But what is the current state of play? In this Q&A, Karolin Kirschenmann, a financial economist at ZEW, sees a need for improvement in various areas, including how policymakers deal with insolvent banks, and how to vitalize securitisation markets.

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  9. 20.09.2017 · ZEW (ybr)
    Questions & Answers
    ZEWnews | Tax Policy

    The German government is literally rolling in money. Calculations carried out by the German Federal Ministry of Finance indicate that additional tax revenues are likely to amount to 46 billion euros between 2018 and 2021. This should be enough reason for policy-makers to implement comprehensive tax reforms after the federal election. What can and needs to be taken into consideration when implementing such reforms? And is it realistic to expect tax relief? ZEW family economist Holger Stichnoth provides some answers to questions regarding possible future tax policies in Germany.

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  10. 09.08.2017 · ZEW (ybr)
    Questions & Answers
    ZEWnews | United States

    Signed by almost 200 countries, the Paris Climate Agreement represents a milestone in the global fight against climate change. US President Donald Trump recently announced that the United States would withdraw from the climate agreement. The European Union still believes in adhering to the pact and intends to exceed its climate goals. ZEW environmental economist Sebastian Voigt offers his thoughts on the potential impact of the US withdrawing from the agreement and the consequences this might have for global climate policy.

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