1. 07.07.2010 (ybr)
    Questions & Answers
    Currency policy

    The single currency is under immense pressure from the various debt problems in a number of Eurozone countries, having experienced a considerable drop in value compared to the US dollar in recent weeks. Professor Wolfgang Franz, head of the ZEW Research Group “Growth and Business Cycles“, discusses the impact of a weak euro on the German economy and calls for the Eurozone to undertake strict consolidation measures to stabilise the currency. Professor Wolfgang Franz gained his doctorate in economics from the University of Mannheim. After being granted the title of professor in 1981, he accepted a post at the University of Mainz. This was followed by positions at the University of Stuttgart, starting in 1984, and at the University of Konstanz from 1989. Since 1997, Franz has been both president of ZEW in Mannheim and an economics professor at the University of Mannheim. In addition, he has led the ZEW Research Group “Growth and Business Cycles” since September 2007. His research primarily focuses on macroeconomics, labour market research and empirical economic research. Since 2003, Franz has been a member of the German Council of Economic Experts, of which he has served as chair since March 2009.

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  2. 22.02.2010 (ybr)
    Questions & Answers
    Skills shortage | Labour Market

    Although the number of registered unemployed individuals saw a rise of 160,000 persons last year as a result of the deep economic recession, the rate of unemployment did not increase as expected. While these favourable developments are being referred to as the “German Wunder” in other countries, this has little to do with a “Wunder.” What prevented a dramatic surge in the unemployment rate was the extensive use of the part-time work arrangements instrument. Dr. Holger Bonin, head of the Research Department “Labour Markets, Human Resources and Social Policy” at ZEW, analyses this policy instrument for the labour market and provides an outlook for the development of employment in 2010. After obtaining his degree in economics, Dr. Holger Bonin received his doctoral degree from the University of Freiburg. He worked at the Institute of Labor Economics (IZA) and the German Institute for Economic Research (DIW) and has been head of the ZEW Research Department “Labour Markets, Human Resources and Social Policy” since 2007. As part of his research, Bonin investigates employment issues faced by low-skilled workers, the flexibility of wages, the economic consequences of an ageing population, migration, and the risk propensity of workers. He is a member of the standing field committee “Population Economics” of the economics association Verein für Sozialpolitik.

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  3. 14.01.2010 · ZEW (ybr)
    Questions & Answers
    Globalization

    2009 was a year of crisis for the automotive industry, marked by auto manufacturers struggling for survival, governments putting together comprehensive rescue packages, the closure of loss-making companies and the introduction of the scrapping premium as a reaction to the dramatic drop in sales. Christian Rammer, deputy head of the ZEW Research Department “Industrial Economics and International Management” sheds some light on the strategies adopted by German car manufacturers in order to prepare themselves for the future.

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  4. 21.09.2009 · ZEW (ybr)
    Questions & Answers
    Labour Market

    The demands placed on teachers, schools and universities have never been higher; children are supposed to be prepared for the challenges of a global labour market within an extremely short period of time. What is often overlooked here, explains education economist Friedhelm Pfeiffer, is that a child’s development is to a large extent shaped by their family surroundings. Born in 1958, PD Dr. Friedhelm Pfeiffer studied Economics at the Universities of Freiburg, Bern, and Mannheim. After completing his doctorate, he started working at ZEW, where he is acting head of the ZEW Research Department “Labour Markets, Human Resources and Social Policy”. In 2002, he obtained his doctoral degree from the University of Mannheim. His research interests include the effects of optimised investment in education on individual and overall economic returns as well as the causes and consequences of individuals acquiring both cognitive and non-cognitive skills over the course of their lifetime. Pfeiffer is responsible for coordinating projects within the research network “Non-cognitive skills: Acquisition and Economic Consequences”, a research partnership funded by the Pact for Innovation and Research and involving the Universities of Chicago and Konstanz as well as the Centre for the Economics of Education in London and the Socio-economic Panel in Berlin.

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