As digitalisation has reached the health sector, medical innovations will be driven more and more by the use of data. Analysing and connecting patient data is playing an increasingly important role in the early detection of epidemics and for developing patient-specific treatment plans. The use of patient data presents opportunities as well as challenges for patients, the public health sector and Germany as a business hub. This raises the question of why Germany is not up to speed on the use of health data. How can the full potential of health data be used and competitiveness be increased? ZEW President Professor Achim Wambach, Baden-Württemberg Minister of Science Theresia Bauer, and health expert and chairman of the board of AOK Baden-Württemberg Johannes Bauernfeind discussed these questions in a panel debate at BW Bank Stuttgart on 1 June 2022. ZEW Mannheim organised the panel discussion together with the Ministry of Science, Research and the Arts Baden-Württemberg. Anne Guhlich and Joachim Dorfs, editors-in-chief of the Stuttgarter Zeitung, moderated the event.