The student performance studies PIRLS and PISA suggest that the equality of educational opportunity decreases strongly between primary and secondary schooling in Germany. This project analysed the determinants of the decrease in equality of educational opportunity and the role of school resources therein. The various stages in the educational career between primary and secondary education like the school type recommendation of teachers and the choice of school type by parents has been examined. The microeconometric results based on large scale student assessments indicate that a significant part of students hetereogeneity exists when they enter the primary school. Then inequality increases between primary and secondary schooling in Germany.

Selected Publications

Articles in Refereed Journals

Ammermüller, Andreas and Jörn-Steffen Pischke (2009), Peer effects in European primary schools: Evidence from PIRLS, Journal of Labour Economics 27 (3) , 315-348.

Ammermüller, Andreas (2007), PISA: What Makes the Difference? Explaining the Gap in Test Scores between Finland and Germany, Empirical Economics 33 (2), 263-287.

Ammermüller, Andreas (2007), Poor Background or Low Returns? Why Immigrant Students in Germany Perform so Poorly in PISA, Education Economics 15 (2), 215-230. Download

Discussion and Working Papers

Landvoigt, Tim, Grit Mühler and Friedhelm Pfeiffer (2007), Duration and Intensity of Kindergarten Attendance and Secondary School Track Choice, ZEW Discussion Paper No. 07-051, Mannheim. Download

Ammermüller, Andreas (2007), Violence in European Schools: Victimization and Consequences, ZEW Discussion Paper No. 07-004, Mannheim. Download

Ammermüller, Andreas and Peter Dolton (2006), Pupil-Teacher Gender Interaction Effects on Scholastic Outcomes in England and the USA, ZEW Discussion Paper No. 06-060, Mannheim. Download

Ammermüller, Andreas and Jörn-Steffen Pischke (2006), Peer Effects in European Primary Schools: Evidence from PIRLS, ZEW Discussion Paper No. 06-027, Mannheim. Download

Ammermüller, Andreas (2005), Educational Opportunities and the Role of Institutions, ZEW Discussion Paper No. 05-44, Mannheim. Download


Fritz Thyssen Stiftung , Köln , DE

Project duration

01.04.2005 - 31.05.2007

Project members

PD Dr. Friedhelm Pfeiffer (Coordinator)
Dr. Andreas Ammermüller