1. ZEW Monthly // 2023


    Innovations hold the potential to solve some of the world’s most pressing problems. Whether it’s climate change, poverty or disease: They can improve our quality of life, advance economic growth and help…

  2. Refereed Journal // 2023

    The Effect of Increasing the Early Retirement Age on Household Savings and Consumption Before Retirement

    This paper examines how households adjust their savings and consumption expenditure in response to an anticipated increase in the early retirement age (ERA). We examine the 1999 pension reform in Germany, which…

  3. ZEW Discussion Paper No. 23-006 // 2023

    Heterogeneous Regional University Funding and Firm Innovation: An Empirical Analysis of the German Excellence Initiative

    This paper estimates the effect of heterogeneous university funding stemming from the German Excellence Initiative on a regional firm’s probability to innovate by using a multi-valued two-way fixed effects…

  4. ZEW expert brief No. 23-01 // 2023

    Fünf Sterne für ein Halleluja

  5. Contributions to Edited Volumes and Conference Proceedings // 2023

    Nationale und internationale Klimaverhandlungen erlebbar machen - Zusammenhänge verstehen, Interessenskonflikte moderieren und Lösungen gestalten

    Rollenspiele gewinnen als Formate zur Vermittlung ganz unterschiedlicher Inhalte und Kompetenzen zunehmend an Bedeutung – in der schulischen und universitären Bildung, aber auch in der betrieblichen…

  6. Contributions to Edited Volumes and Conference Proceedings // 2023

    IEDS – Incentives and Economics of Data Sharing

  7. Discussion and Working Paper // 2023

    Thermodynamik - grundlegende Einsichten für ein Verständnis von Umweltproblemen

    In this paper, we present a way that allows to make fundamental statements about how economic action entails harmful effects on the environment. These effects are due to natural scientific reasons and are…

  8. Refereed Journal // 2023

    How to Support Residential Energy Conservation Cost-Effectively? An analysis of Public Financial Schemes in France

    We compare the performance of four types of support schemes aimed at improving residential energy efficiency in France: the income tax credit, a grant scheme, the reduction of the value-added tax, and the White…

  9. ZEW Discussion Paper No. 23-005 // 2023

    Welcome on Board? Appointment Dynamics of Women as Directors

    Increasing the participation of women in top-level corporate boards is high on the agenda of policymakers. Yet, we know little about director appointment dynamics and the drivers and impediments of women…

  10. ZEW policy brief No. 23-02 // 2023

    Human Oversight Done Right: The AI Act Should Use Humans to Monitor AI Only When Effective

    The EU’s proposed Artificial Intelligence Act (AI Act) is meant to ensure safe AI systems in high-risk applications. The Act relies on human supervision of machine-learning algorithms, yet mounting evidence…