ZEW Discussion Papers


Researchers at the ZEW participate in scientific debates by publishing their papers. The papers are predominantly in English (marked). For the German papers an English abstract is available. The contributions are intended for a final publication in special interest titles. The discussion papers can be downloaded as PDF or PostScript files starting from 1.1.1998. They aimed at national and international target groups.

  1. ZEW Discussion Paper No. 23-009 // 2023

    Serving the Right Menu of R&D Policy Instruments to Firms: An Analysis of Policy Mix Sequencing

    The R&D policy instrument mix concept has become increasingly important for understanding how public R&D support drives firm-level R&D. To-date, empirical studies have conceptualised the instrument mix as a…

  2. ZEW Discussion Paper No. 23-008 // 2023

    Founder Personality and Start-up Subsidies

    Start-up subsidies play an important role in supporting start-up innovation and performance. However, what characteristics help and hinder start-ups to seek start-up subsidies remains unclear. We study whether…

  3. ZEW Discussion Paper No. 23-007 // 2023

    Transparency and Policy Competition: Experimental Evidence From German Citizens and Politicians

    A lack of transparency about policy performance can pose a major obstacle to welfare-enhancing policy competition across jurisdictions. In parallel surveys with German citizens and state parliamentarians, we…

  4. ZEW Discussion Paper No. 23-006 // 2023

    Heterogeneous Regional University Funding and Firm Innovation: An Empirical Analysis of the German Excellence Initiative

    This paper estimates the effect of heterogeneous university funding stemming from the German Excellence Initiative on a regional firm’s probability to innovate by using a multi-valued two-way fixed effects…

  5. ZEW Discussion Paper No. 23-005 // 2023

    Welcome on Board? Appointment Dynamics of Women as Directors

    Increasing the participation of women in top-level corporate boards is high on the agenda of policymakers. Yet, we know little about director appointment dynamics and the drivers and impediments of women…

  6. ZEW Discussion Paper No. 23-004 // 2023

    High Skilled Mobility Under Uncertainty

    Previous work suggests a general uncertainty surrounding the migration process acts as a barrier to outmigration. In this paper, we argue that this barrier is exacerbated when relative economic policy…

  7. ZEW Discussion Paper No. 23-003 // 2023

    Can Social Comparisons and Moral Appeals Increase Public Transport Ridership and Decrease Car Use?

    In a field experiment with 341 participants, we study whether social comparisons, either in isolation or in combination with a climate-related moral appeal, can change the use of public and car-related…

  8. ZEW Discussion Paper No. 23-002 // 2023

    Public Procurement as an Innovation Policy: Where Do We Stand?

    Economics and innovation scholars have long recognized the potential of public procurement to trigger innovation. To what extent has this potential been realized so far? What can be done to improve the…

  9. ZEW Discussion Paper No. 23-001 // 2023

    The SearchEngine: A Holistic Approach to Matching

    The SearchEngine is an open source project providing an integrated framework for diverse matching activities, especially the linkage of large scale firm data by fuzzy criteria like company names and addresses.…

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