The stimulation of co-operations has become very popular in R&D policies in recent years. This paper describes the history of R&D funding in Germany with a focus on the development of measures encouraging collaborative R&D activities among firms and public research institutions. We investigate empirically the impact of such measures on patenting activity at the firm level. The microeconometric results show that collaborating firms are more likely to patent than others. Within the group of collaborating firms, participants in publicly sponsored R&D consortia exhibit a higher propensity to patent than firms in non-sponsored networks.
Czarnitzki, Dirk and Andreas Fier (2003), Publicly Funded R&D Collaborations and Patent Outcome in Germany, ZEW Discussion Paper No. 03-24, Mannheim. Download