As a complementary study, KfW Bankengruppe and the ZEW have developed a second annual survey in the framework of the KfW/ZEW CO2 Barometer: the KfW/ZEW-CO2-Barometer – Manufacturing Industry Edition. The aim is to shed light on recent developments in the German manufacturing industry driven by European climate and energy regulations as well as the German energy transition in particular. The survey covered topics concerning energy price expectations, investments in energy efficiency and the German energy transition.

Brockmann, Karl Ludwig, Caroline Dieckhöner, Kerstin Kiehl, Carlo Gallier, Peter Heindl and Daniel Osberghaus (2015), KfW/ZEW CO2 Barometer 2015 - Manufacturing Industry Edition: Impacts of the Energy Transition, KfW Bankengruppe, Frankfurt am Main. Download




Brockmann, Karl Ludwig
Dieckhöner, Caroline
Kiehl, Kerstin
Gallier, Carlo
Heindl, Peter
Osberghaus, Daniel


CO2 Barometer; Manufacturing; Energy Transition; Germany