Millions of refugees made their way to Europe between 2014 and 2015, with over one million arriving in Germany alone. Yet, little is known about the impact of this inflow on labor markets, crime, and voting behavior. This article uses administrative data on asylum seeker allocation and provides an evaluation of the short-run consequences of the refugee inflow. Our identification strategy exploits that a scramble for accommodation determined the assignment of asylum seekers to German counties resulting in exogeneous variation in the number of asylum seekers per county within and across states. Our estimates suggest that those migrants have not displaced native workers but have themselves struggled to find gainful employment. We find moderate increases in crime and our analysis further indicates that, while at the macro level increased migration was accompanied by increased support for anti-immigrant parties, exposure to asylum seekers at the micro-level had a small negative effect.


Streng, Martin
Gehrsitz, Markus


Immigration, Refugees, Unemployment, Crime, Voting