1. 01.07.1998 · ZEW (sel)
    Research
    Technology | Research and Development | Labour Market

    In the period between 1991 and 1995, German businesses increasingly hired staff with an academic qualification for their departments of research and development, prototype production, construction and design (FEK). On the other hand, laboratory assistants and technicians with an intermediate educational qualification were discharged in those divisions which require a high level of formal education. In total, the number of FEK-employees has been stagnating since 1987. These are the findings of a current study of the Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW) in Mannheim, which was designed within the scope of the reports on the technological performance of Germany in 1997 on behalf of the Federal Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Technology.

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  2. 24.06.1998 · ZEW (sel)
    Research
    Public works programme

    Within the framework of an active labour market policy in the new federal states, a lot of money is invested in job creation measures (ABM) as well as in further training and retraining ("Fortbildung und Umschulung", FuU). Compared with ABM, FuU provides better opportunities for its participants - each in relation to unemployed persons who did not participate in the respective programmes - when it comes to reintegrating into working life. These are the findings of two studies carried out by the Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW) in Mannheim. Against the backdrop of this result, it therefore seems advisable to either relocate the funds which are spent on an active labour market policy in the new federal states in favour of FuU and at the expense of ABM, or to make ABM more effective.

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  3. 10.06.1998 · ZEW (sel)
    Dates and News
    Employee training | DSE | Further training

    On Wednesday (10-06-1998), the German Foundation for International Development (DSE) and the Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW) said goodbye to a group of 16 Chinese human resources managers. The Chinese delegation received further training on human resource development in the form of a ten months programme designed and carried out by DSE and ZEW. The Chinese employers of these junior managers, chiefly state educational institutions, are not the only beneficiaries of this qualification. International companies which are increasingly investing in China likewise have a high demand for highly-qualified staff, especially in the field of human resource management.

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  4. 05.05.1998 · ZEW (sel)
    Dates and News
    Renewable Energies | EuroREX | Kyoto Protocol

    On May 7, a new internet news service for the alternative energy industry will be launched. The new service is a joint project of energy experts from more than 30 European countries. The Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW) contributes to this expert network. The EuroREX (European Renewable Energy Exchange) website will provide subscribers with information about business opportunities on the rapidly growing renewable energy market. Even today, the renewable energy market generates annual sales of more than 4.3 billion ECU, and an exponential growth is to be expected as soon as the treaty states of the Kyoto Protocol begin to meet their commitment to reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

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  5. 22.04.1998 · ZEW (sel)
    Research
    Business related service providers

    The economic situation in the business-related services sector gained further momentum in the first quarter of 1998. The assessments of the situation regarding turnover, demand and employment improved not only compared to the same quarter a year ago but also compared to the previous quarter. The overall economic conditions for a continued upswing in the business-related services sector are evaluated positively.

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  6. 14.04.1998 · ZEW (sel)
    Research
    Business related service providers | Variations in demand

    Architects and technical planners will be facing difficult times. The economic situation has further deteriorated markedly during the winter quarter of 1997. When compared to the same quarter a year ago as well as to the previous quarter, almost all economic indicators deteriorated dramatically. These results are the findings of a representative study carried out by the Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW) in collaboration with the "Verband der Vereine CREDITREFORM" in Neuss. Since June 1994, ZEW and CREDITREFORM have quarterly surveyed 1000 firms from the business-related services sector, which also include 225 architects and technical planners.

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  7. 10.03.1998 · ZEW (sel)
    Research
    Corporate taxation

    Germany as an investment location is unattractive for businesses. Especially the business taxation is far too high in international comparison. Over the past few years, statements such as these were heard over and over again. And in fact, a look at the current tax burden of companies located in Germany, France and Switzerland, respectively, points to a bleak situation. Particularly due to the high corporation tax plus solidarity surcharge – being about 11% higher than in France and about 26% higher than in Switzerland – Germany clearly appears to be the location with the highest tax burden. With a rate of 51.5 %, a similar French company is significantly less exposed to tax. And Switzerland proves to be particularly attractive with their tax burden of merely 32.8 %.

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  8. 20.02.1998 · ZEW (sel)
    Research
    DAX

    It must be jinxed. As soon as the DAX reaches a new high, the sentiment among the 350 financial experts from banks, insurance and industrial companies surveyed monthly by the Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW) starts to cool down. However, despite this mood shift, a narrow majority of the surveyed financial experts continue to believe that a price correction is not to be expected.

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  9. 02.02.1998 · ZEW (sel)
    Conferences
    ZEW | ZEW-Symposium | Director of Science and Research

    Environment, innovation and employment: Professor Dr. Dr. h.c. Heinz König, who recently celebrated his 70th birthday, got a very special present from the Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW). The Mannheim-based economic research institute organised a symposium in which economic research results on topical questions were presented.

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  10. 23.01.1998 · ZEW (sel)
    Research
    Business related service providers

    Marginal employment not very popular: the economic upswing in the business-related services sector slightly slowed down in the fourth quarter of 1997. On the whole, the economic situation is still evaluated positively, even though the economic engine shifted down a gear at the end of 1997. 610-DM jobs – increased to 620 DM since the beginning of 1998 – as a possibility to adapt to cyclical and seasonal fluctuations play a rather subordinate role in business-related services. As a general rule, however, it can be said that the more a business is subject to fluctuations in demand, the greater is the significance of employment which is free of social insurance contributions for that business.

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