1. 13.04.2022 · ZEW (kso/sel)
    Research
    Ukraine | Russia | War | Migration policy | Germany
    Photo of a family of four on the road with a suitcase.

    More than 4.6 million Ukrainians have fled the country since the start of the war. As a result of the invasion, more and more people are also fleeing from Russia. Reasons for this range from the restricted freedom of expression, fear of political persecution or being drafted into military service, to poor economic prospects following the unprecedented level of sanctions on Russia. What is different with current Russian migrants fleeing to neighbouring countries compared to Ukrainian migrants, is that there are indications that the economically active population is over-represented among the Russian emigrants. This may include specialists in the IT and other creative sectors of the economy, who have international language skills as well as customers.

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  2. 12.04.2022 · ZEW (msc/fbr/thc/sel)
    ZEW Indicator of Economic Sentiment
    ZEW Indicator of Economic Sentiment | Business survey | Cyclical indicator | Business cycle research | Short-term forecast | Germany | Europe | ZEW Financial Market Survey
    Graph for the ZEW Index: In April 2022, the ZEW Indicator of Economic Sentiment for Germany stands at minus 41 points

    The ZEW Indicator of Economic Sentiment for Germany recorded a decline in the current April 2022 survey, falling 1.7 points to a new reading of minus 41.0 points. The assessment of the economic situation in Germany has again worsened significantly in the current survey. The corresponding indicator dropped 9.4 points to a level of minus 30.8 points. This is the second time the indicator has recorded a decrease since the start of the war in Ukraine. The expectations and assessments of the economic situation are currently similar to those at the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic in March 2020. Inflation expectations for Germany have fallen by 43.4 points in the current survey to a new value of 26.8 points.

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  3. 11.04.2022 · ZEW (sgo/sel)
    Research
    Start-up dynamism | Firm formation | Bankruptcy | Germany
     Symbol photo of a transparent globe on the image of a mind map.

    Failing with a start-up is usually considered as a valuable experience whose insights will help the founders to be more successful in their next start-up. However, this is a false conclusion, as a recent study by ZEW Mannheim and the Institute for SME Research (ifm) at the University of Mannheim shows. On the contrary, there is an above-average probability that those founders will fail again with future start-ups.

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  4. 05.04.2022 · ZEW (cra/sel)
    Research
    Innovation | Innovation activity | Germany | Eco-innovation | Climate Change
    Photo of a light bulb infront of people sitting together.

    Climate change affects firms in Germany in several ways. This triggers not only eco-innovations in firms to mitigate the effects of global warming, but also other innovations, as a recent study by ZEW Mannheim together with the University of Applied Sciences Augsburg shows.

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  5. 01.04.2022 · ZEW (mkn/bch/deg)
    Research
    Energy efficiency | Households | Income | Energy saving
    Graph showing the effect of the voucher rate on the success rate.

    The prices for electricity and heat have risen sharply recently. This puts pressure on low-income households in particular, as they have less financial leeway to deal with the high prices. In many cases, the obvious savings options have already been exhausted. At the same time, worthwhile investments in energy-efficient household appliances, such as a new refrigerator, usually cannot be made without additional financial support. However, support programmes to increase energy efficiency in low-income households should not only focus on purely financial support, but combine the offer with targeted behavioural incentives to achieve the greatest possible success. This is the result of a recent ZEW policy brief by ZEW Mannheim and Heidelberg University, which is based on an empirical analysis of the “Energy-Saving Check”, a joint initiative of the German Caritas Association and the Bundesverband der Energie- und Klimaschutzagenturen.

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  6. 31.03.2022 · ZEW (fhe/sel)
    Research
    Coronavirus | Public Budget | state subsidies | Germany | Europe
    Picture of a written board on a sidewalk.

    As the COVID-19 crisis slowly abates, the EU Member States are now confronted with a new economic crisis as a result of the war in Ukraine. The rapid succession of crises reinforces the need to respond with highly targeted and temporary aid measures to avoid wasting public resources and preserve fiscal buffers. Against this background, a new study by ZEW Mannheim for the European Parliament has examined which Member States have pursued insufficiently targeted policy measures to cushion the pandemic crisis over the past two years and have remained in crisis mode for too long despite economic recovery. Italy, France and Greece in particular have been too slow in scaling down their aid measures. In the case of Germany, the study criticises in particular that the government has adhered to the very generous short-time work rules for too long.

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  7. 25.03.2022 · ZEW (awh)
    Comment
    Digitisation | Regulation | Data protection

    Late on Thursday evening, the relevant European institutions agreed on new rules for the digital world. The Digital Markets Act (DMA) bans harmful business practices of large digital players that act as ‘gatekeepers’ and imposes others on them. For example, user data from different services may no longer be combined for advertising purposes without explicit consent, and messenger services on these large platforms must be compatible with other messenger services. Professor Achim Wambach, president of ZEW Mannheim, explains:

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  8. 23.03.2022 · ZEW (lgi)
    Comment
    Procurement | Bundeswehr
    ZEW Economist Leonardo Maria Giuffrida: Organizing Armed Forces Procurement More Efficiently.

    The German government has agreed that the German Armed Forces must be modernised quickly to fulfil both its NATO and legal obligations. Accordingly, the German Bundestag provided additional funds worth 100 billion euros solely to be spent on military equipment and assets. Minister of Defence Christine Lambrecht has made out two bottlenecks in that regard: mandatory EU-wide tenders are time-consuming and internal procurement processes are too bureaucratic. ZEW procurement specialist Leonardo Maria Giuffrida, head of the ZEW Junior Research Group “Public Procurement" advises:

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  9. 23.03.2022 · ZEW (cra/rha)
    Research
    Artificial intelligence | Start-Up | Germany
    Figure showing the number of AI startups in Germany.

    Start-up activity in the field of artificial intelligence in Germany has been very dynamic over the past decade. The years 2014 to 2018 saw a veritable start-up boom with annual figures rising from 250 newly founded companies to over 450. AI start-ups have a high probability of survival in the market and are characterised by strong growth in employee numbers, as a comprehensive stocktaking of the AI landscape by ZEW Mannheim shows. “The high dynamics and the good performance of AI start-ups illustrate that artificial intelligence is an important growth field with a lot of room for development for newly founded companies,” says ZEW economist Dr. Christian Rammer from ZEW’s Research Department “Economics of Innovation and Industrial Dynamics”.

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  10. 21.03.2022 · ZEW (msc/thc/rha)
    Research
    Ukrainians | Russia | Germany | Europe | Money and Financial Markets | Sanction
    ZEW special survey shows that sanctions against Russia are having an effect.

    In response to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine – which is a violation of international law – the EU and Germany have imposed comprehensive sanction measures. The sanctions are designed to put pressure on the Russian economy and thus dissuade Putin from continuing the war. According to a survey of financial market experts conducted by ZEW in March 2022, amongst the enacted measures, the sanctions imposed on the Russian central bank and the exclusion of Russian banks from the SWIFT payment system are likely to have the most severe impacts on the Russian economy. However, these measures are also expected to have limited negative repercussions for the economy of the eurozone. The main impacts to the eurozone will be higher inflation and – to a lesser extent – lower GDP growth. Nevertheless, the sanctions are unlikely to motivate a change in the interest rate policy of the European Central Bank (ECB).

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