Childcare provision is the most frequently suggested measure to mitigate the “child penalty” for mothers, who often bear financial losses after having a child, usually in the form of declining incomes. The pay gap between men and women begins to widen after the birth of the first child. The differences in pay result in major consequences for lifelong labour earnings and pensions as well as a higher risk of poverty for women. ZEW economist Michaela Slotwinski and a team of researchers examined this relationship more closely. The lack of daycare places is perceived to be the greatest obstacle preventing mothers with small children from working at all or working more hours and is the reason why family incomes often decrease after the birth of the first child.