Mandating Paid Sick Pay: Effects on Coverage, Utilization, and the Spread of Diseases

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This paper evaluates how sick pay mandates operate at the job level in the United States. Using the National Compensation Survey and difference-in-differences models, the authors estimate their impact on coverage rates, sick leave use, labor costs, and non-mandated fringe benefits. Sick pay mandates increase coverage significantly by 18 percentage points from a baseline level of 66% in the first two years. Newly covered employees take two additional sick days per year. The authors find little evidence that mandating sick pay crowds-out non-mandated fringe benefits. Finally, they develop a model of optimal sick pay provision and illustrate the trade-offs when assessing welfare.

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ZEW – Leibniz-Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung

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ZEW – Leibniz-Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung

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