Nineteenth-century social reformers promoted the establishment of kindergartens as a remedy for the problems associated with industrialization and immigration. The paper presented in this Mannheim Applied Seminar evaluates the impact that the rollout of the first kindergartens in American cities had on mothers and their children. Consistent with the predictions of a quantity-quality trade-off model, immigrant families exposed to kindergartens significantly reduced fertility. Their offspring at age 10-15 were more likely to attend school, they worked less, and as adults, they had fewer children. The authors also unveil positive language spillover effects of kindergarten education on immigrant mothers illustrating the importance of kindergartens for social integration.


Philipp Ager

University of Mannheim

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13.10.2021 | 12:15 - 13:30 (CET)

Event Location

University of Mannheim

L7, 3-5 68161 Mannheim





Head and Dean of Graduate Studies