Children with lower socioeconomic status (SES) tend to benefit more from early child care, but are substantially less likely to be enrolled. The paper presented in this ZEW Research Seminar studies whether reducing behavioral barriers in the application process increases enrollment in child care for lower-SES children. In the authors RCT in Germany with highly subsidized child care (n > 600), treated families receive application information and personal assistance for applications. For lower-SES families, the treatment increases child care application rates by 21 pp and enrollment rates by 16 pp. Higher-SES families are not affected by the treatment. Thus, alleviating behavioral barriers closes half of the SES gap in early child care enrollment.


Henning Hermes

Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf (DICE)

Please contact Guido Neidhöfer or Katia Gallegos Torres if you wish to participate in the online seminar.


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11.11.2021 | 14:00 - 15:15 (CET)

Event Location

ZEW – Leibniz-Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung

L 7, 1 68161 Mannheim




Senior Researcher