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News tagged with „Labour Market“

  • 12 News

October 2015

16.10.2015 – ZEW (fpf/jpr)

Labour Migration Negatively Affects Well-Being of Migrants' Children Left Home

When one or both parents emigrate in order to find employment abroad and leave their children behind in their country of origin, this has a negative impact on the health and on the psychological well-being of the children. There is, however, also a positive impact on children's performance at school. This is shown by a study carried out by the Mannheim Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW) in cooperation with Alina Botezat, researcher at Gh. Zane Institute of Economic and Social Research at the Romanian Academy in Iasi. The study uses data from a representative survey carried out amongst children and young people living in Romania, a country with high levels of emigration. read more

August 2014

26.08.2014 – ZEW (hbo/jpr)

Youth Unemployment in Southern Europe: Experts Warn About Ill-Designed Policies

Without substantial reforms of the education systems and labour markets in Southern Europe, youths will continue to be much more affected by unemployment than the older generation of workers, even after the financial crisis. This is the finding of a study conducted by the Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW) Mannheim on behalf of Robert Bosch Foundation (Robert Bosch Stiftung). According to the authors of the report, the business-cycle-related rise in youth unemployment comes in conjunction with severe structural problems that were already present before the onset of the crisis. These include the incapacity of educational systems to provide youths with the skills demanded by firms, the duality of labour markets, with well-protected permanent positions on the one hand and precarious temporary jobs on the other, as well as insufficient wage-setting flexibility. As a consequence, structural reforms of educational and labour market institutions are necessary even in case of an uptake in economic growth. In the short term, supporting the mobility of young people through better access to information on employment possibilities abroad could help to alleviate regional differences in youth unemployment. However, many practical issues such as the recognition of degrees and the lack of language skills deter young people from starting a new job abroad, the experts add. read more

October 2012

01.10.2012 – ZEW (hbo/kbo)

ZEW Labour Economist Holger Bonin Appointed Professor at the University of Kassel

Holger Bonin, head of research department at the Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW), accepts a professorship for economics at the University of Kassel starting on October 1, 2012. The professorship will focus on labour market and social policy issues. Bonin’s appointment was concluded in a joint procedure of ZEW and the University of Kassel and is supposed to strengthen the cooperation between the two institutions in the areas of research and the qualification of young scientists. read more

December 2011

14.12.2011 – ZEW (sgo/kbo)

Family Businesses in Germany Create Many New Jobs

Family businesses played a major role in the job market growth of the last years. From 2006 until 2010, the 500 leading German family businesses created approx. 300,000 new jobs in Germany alone. This equals an employment growth of nine per cent. To put these numbers into context: In the same period of time, domestic employment in the firms listed in the German stock index Dax decreased by 100,000 jobs, which equals seven per cent. These are the key findings of a study conducted by the Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW) in Mannheim, in cooperation with the Center for SME Research and Entrepreneurship at the University of Mannheim on behalf of the Foundation for Family Businesses (Stiftung Familienunternehmen). read more

March 2011

30.03.2011 – ZEW (joh/kbo/ggr)

Moderate Employment Growth in Service Sector due to IT Outsourcing

In public opinion, outsourcing is usually associated with job cuts. The findings of a current study conducted by the Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW) in Mannheim, however, indicate that this is not generally the case. read more

July 2010

27.07.2010 – ZEW (twa/kbo)

Guidance Programmes and Transfer of Basic Workplace Skills Help Unemployed With Migration Background Finding a New Job Faster

Certain external training measures of the German Job Centres help unemployed people with migration background receiving unemployment benefits (ALG II) to find a new job more quickly. Migrants especially benefit from guidance programmes to help individuals indentify their suitability for certain careers and courses which impart general workplace qualifications. The latter increase the possibility for women with migration background to find a new job by 13 percentage point, compared to a situation without any support. However, measures like job application trainings or a combination of the different measures were largely ineffective or even counterproductive. These are the findings of a study conducted by the Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW) in Mannheim. The study analyses for the first time for Germany how training measures affect the labour market success of migrants. read more

March 2010

10.03.2010 – ZEW/KfW (mni/gli)

MittelstandsMonitor 2010 - Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises Stabilised Economy During Crisis

Small and medium-sized enterprises were strongly affected by the severe economic crisis in 2009. However, small and medium-sized enterprises overall stabilised the economy. Large economies aiming to a large extend at the global market were especially affected by the recession. The crisis did not affect small and medium-sized enterprises that much as these enterprises focus on the domestic market. The economic crisis negatively affected the profit situation. Nevertheless, most small and medium-sized enterprises still want to make investments. Many enterprises plan to at least make replacement and rationalisation investments to keep their manufacturing plants up to date. Moreover, the majority of small and medium-sized enterprises want to bind professionals to their firms. The economic environment remains fragile. The expected increase in GDP for 2010 by about 1.5 percent is too small to overcome the effects of the crisis. read more

March 2009

09.03.2009 – ZEW/KfW (mni/gli)

MittelstandsMonitor 2009: German Economy in Recession – Downward Trend also Affects Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises

The recession hit German small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in the course of 2008, especially during the second half of the year. However, internationally orientated large companies, in particular from the industrial sector, have been more severely affected by the crisis so far. The business climate of small and medium-sized enterprises deteriorated rapidly and significantly in the course of 2008 because of the global economic downturn, which had already started in the middle of the year and considerably intensified due to the financial crisis. read more

June 2006

06.06.2006 – ZEW (fpf/kvs)

Placement Vouchers Foster Reintegration of Unemployed People

A number of unemployed succeeded in finding a job thanks to placement vouchers. ZEW estimations suggest that 5 out of 100 voucher recipients between July 2003 and June 2004 found a job as a result of the instrument. read more

November 2000

07.11.2000 – ZEW (kvs)

President of the Association of German Employers Hundt at ZEW: Planned Revision of the Works Constitution Undermines Competitiveness of Businesses

The "Alliance for Jobs, Education and Competitiveness" has not only contributed to a more moderate wage policy but also to the rejection of exorbitant demands such as lowering the pension age to 60, and, indeed, to the improvement of the labour market. In his speech at the Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW) in Mannheim, the President of the Association of German Employers e.V. (BDA), Dr Dieter Hundt, argued, however, that instead of breaking down existing barriers to employment by further deregulation, the government was now planning laws which would introduce new restrictions in the labour market. read more

October 1999

08.10.1999 – ZEW (bsa/kvs)

ZEW Survey on the Effects of the Austerity Package

The reform package proposed by finance minister Eichel will not influence the current labour market situation. This is the result of a current survey conducted by the Centre for European Economic Reseach (ZEW) in Mannheim, which included 265 experts from banks, insurances and industrial companies. read more

July 1998

01.07.1998 – ZEW (ggr)

Share of Academics Increasing in Research Departments

In the period between 1991 and 1995, German businesses increasingly hired staff with an academic qualification for their departments of research and development, prototype production, construction and design (FEK). On the other hand, laboratory assistants and technicians with an intermediate educational qualification were discharged in those divisions which require a high level of formal education. In total, the number of FEK-employees has been stagnating since 1987. These are the findings of a current study of the Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW) in Mannheim, which was designed within the scope of the reports on the technological performance of Germany in 1997 on behalf of the Federal Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Technology. read more


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